Diabetes is a disease associated with an abnormally high level of glucose (sugar) in the blood. Diabetes is diagnosed by testing the blood sugar level.
- Weight loss
- Blurred vision
- Frequent urination known as polyuria
- Increased thirst known as polydipsia
- Increased hunger known as polyphagia
- Diabetic ketoacidosis – nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain.
- Deep breathing known as kussmaul breathing
There is no known prevention for type 1, however type 2 can often be prevented by maintaining a normal body weight, having a balanced diet and participating in regular exercise. People who have diabetes can hugely benefit from education about the disease, here at Conefrey’s we provide a diabetes consultation for those looking to learn more or who are looking for advise about this disease.
Types of Diabetes
Type 1: Also known as insulin dependent diabetes is a chronic condition in which the body produces little or no insulin, this is a hormone needed by the body to allow sugar to enter cells to produce energy.
Type 2: Also known as non-insulin dependent diabetes is the most common form this disease, unlike those with type 1 diabetes , type 2 makes insulin but either they do not make enough insulin or their bodies cannot use the insulin well enough. Insulin builds up in the blood instead of going into the cells, this causes the bodies cells not to function properly. The main cause of this type of diabetes is excess body weight and lack of exercise.
Gestational diabetes: This type of diabetes occurs in pregnant woman without a previous history of the disease who develop a high blood glucose level. It develops because the mother’s body is not able to produce enough insulin, without insulin the amount of sugar in the blood rises and this is passed through the placenta to the developing baby which can cause a number of health problems.
Prediabetes: This occurs when the blood glucose level are higher than normal, however not high enough to diagnose with type 1 or type 2. If you have prediabetes, you are at a high risk of developing type 2 as well as the medical problems associated with diabetes. This includes heart disease and a stroke.